[TUTORIAL] Developer Workstation with cinnamon (LMDE5)

aureladmin

Member
Apr 15, 2016
14
3
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If you want to install a "develloper workstation" with cinnamon (LMDE5), this is where it happens.

1) Install Promox-ve 7.1 via iso

2) Connect to Proxmox-ve via ssh as root

3) Create a new main "source.list" type file as under LMDE5
Bash:
echo "deb http://packages.linuxmint.com elsie main upstream import backport

deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye main contrib non-free
deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib non-free

deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bullseye-backports main contrib non-free" >>  /etc/apt/sources.list.d/official-package-repositories.list

4) Create "additional-repositories.list" file
Bash:
echo "# PVE pve-no-subscription repository provided by proxmox.com,
# NOT recommended for production use
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pve-no-subscription

#Debian-multimedia
deb https://www.deb-multimedia.org bullseye main non-free
deb https://www.deb-multimedia.org bullseye-backports main" >>  /etc/apt/sources.list.d/additional-repositories.list

5) Delete the old "source.list" file and "pve-enterprise.list"
Bash:
rm /etc/apt/sources.list
rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-enterprise.list

6) Create an apt pref file for official-package-repositories
Code:
echo "Package: *
Pin: origin live.linuxmint.com
Pin-Priority: 750

Package: *
Pin: release o=linuxmint,c=upstream
Pin-Priority: 700

Package: *
Pin: release o=LP-PPA-linuxmint-daily-build-team-daily-builds
Pin-Priority: 700" >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/official-package-repositories.pref

7) Create an apt pref file for official-extra-repositories
Bash:
echo "Package: *
Pin: origin "build.linuxmint.com"
Pin-Priority: 700" >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/official-extra-repositories.pref

8) Add the LMDE5 ppa key
Code:
apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com A6616109451BBBF2

9) Update the repository list
Code:
apt update -oAcquire::AllowInsecureRepositories=true

10)Install "sudo" packages
Code:
apt install sudo

11)Install "deb-multimedia-keyring" packages
Code:
wget http://www.deb-multimedia.org/pool/main/d/deb-multimedia-keyring/deb-multimedia-keyring_2016.8.1_all.deb
dpkg -i deb-multimedia-keyring_2016.8.1_all.deb

12) Update the repository list
Bash:
apt update

13) Configure your locale for langage and other, follow the steps
Code:
dpkg-reconfigure locales

14) Add your user account
Bash:
adduser your_user

15) Add your user account to the sudo group
Bash:
usermod -aG sudo your_user

16)Add the sudo right to your user account via "visudo"
Bash:
visudo

Add this line
Bash:
%sudo ALL=(ALL:ALL)  ALL
your_user ALL=(ALL:ALL)  ALL

17) Installation of the cinnamon interface and its dependencies
I had to change the method compared to LMDE4
Bash:
apt --install-recommends --force-yes -y install linuxmint-keyring debian-system-adjustments && apt update && apt --install-recommends --force-yes -y install mint-meta-cinnamon  cinnamon cinnamon-l10n cinnamon-desktop-data mint-common lightdm-settings mintlocale mintmenu mintsystem mintupdate mintwelcome mint-mirrors mint-translations mint-themes mintinstall mint-backgrounds-uma mint-backgrounds-una mint-backgrounds-ulyssa mintstick muffin nemo nemo-emblems nemo-preview nemo-share mint-meta-codecs timeshift xreader boot-repair blueberry timeshift synaptic numlockx software-properties-common software-properties-gtk slick-greeter gnome-terminal gnome-font-viewer gnome-calendar gnome-calculator gnome-menus gnome-power-manager firefox bulky caribou gdebi onboard redshift sticky thingy webapp-manager xapp-appimage-thumbnailer xapp-epub-thumbnailer xapp-mp3-thumbnailer xapp-raw-thumbnailer xreader xviewer xviewer-plugins acpi-support acpid alsa-utils anacron apt-clone avahi-utils avahi-autoipd baobab build-essential cups cups-browsed fuse3 lintian && apt -y install cinnamon-desktop-environment

18) Update the distribution
Bash:
apt dist-upgrade -y

19)Reboot your computer
Bash:
reboot

the installation has installed many games by default, I advise you to remove them if you do not want them. you can do it via synaptic by choosing by category it goes very quickly.

If you want up-to-date apps, I recommend using flatpak. it is managed by gnome-software for the installation of applications and updates.



Optional bluetooth:
if your bluetooth and wifi card are not recognized despite the installation of the "pve-firmware" package, you will have to do it manually.

1) check the version of the "firmware-iwlwifi" package available at the bullseye repositorie:
https://packages.debian.org/fr/bullseye/firmware-iwlwifi

2) Download the "firmware-iwlwifi" package (replace "XXXXXXXX" by the version of your package):
Bash:
wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free/f/firmware-nonfree/firmware-iwlwifi_XXXXXXXXXX.deb

3) Extraction of the files from the "firmware-iwlwifi" package:
Bash:
dpkg -x firmware-iwlwifi_XXXXXXXXXX.deb firmware-iwlwifi

4) Copy of the files previously extracted:
Bash:
cp -r firmware-iwlwifi/lib/firmware/* /lib/firmware/

5) Update "initramfs"
Bash:
update-initramfs -k all -u

6) Reboot
Bash:
reboot



Optional KDE application:
If you use KDE application install this packages before
Bash:
apt install kdelibs-bin kdelibs5-data kdelibs5-plugins


Optional Plymouth theme:
If you want to have a theme when your computer shutdown:
Bash:
plymouth-set-default-theme -R mint-logo
 
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