[TUTORIAL] Developer Workstation (Proxmox-VE 8) with cinnamon (LMDE6)

aureladmin

Renowned Member
Apr 15, 2016
34
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If you want to install a "develloper workstation" with cinnamon (LMDE6), this is where it happens.

1) Install Promox-ve 8.0-2 via iso

2) Connect to Proxmox-ve via ssh as root

3) Create a new main "source.list" type file as under LMDE6
Bash:
echo "#deb http://packages.linuxmint.com faye main upstream import backport

deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bookworm main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bookworm-updates main contrib non-free non-free-firmware
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bookworm-security main contrib non-free non-free-firmware

deb https://deb.debian.org/debian/ bookworm-backports main contrib non-free non-free-firmware" >>  /etc/apt/sources.list.d/official-package-repositories.list

4) Create "additional-repositories.list" file
Bash:
echo "# PVE pve-no-subscription repository provided by proxmox.com,
# NOT recommended for production use
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bookworm pve-no-subscription

#Debian-multimedia
deb https://www.deb-multimedia.org bookworm main non-free
deb https://www.deb-multimedia.org bookworm-backports main" >>  /etc/apt/sources.list.d/additional-repositories.list

5) Delete the old "source.list" file and "pve-enterprise.list"
Bash:
rm /etc/apt/sources.list
rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-enterprise.list

6) Create an apt pref file for official-package-repositories

Bash:
echo "Package: *
Pin: origin live.linuxmint.com
Pin-Priority: 750

Package: *
Pin: release o=linuxmint,c=upstream
Pin-Priority: 700

Package: *
Pin: release o=LP-PPA-linuxmint-daily-build-team-daily-builds
Pin-Priority: 700" >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/official-package-repositories.pref

7) Create an apt pref file for official-extra-repositories
Bash:
echo "Package: *
Pin: origin "build.linuxmint.com"
Pin-Priority: 700" >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/official-extra-repositories.pref

8) Add the LMDE5 ppa key
Bash:
apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com A6616109451BBBF2

9) Update the repository list
Bash:
apt update -oAcquire::AllowInsecureRepositories=true

10) Install "sudo" packages
Bash:
apt install sudo

11)Install "deb-multimedia-keyring" packages
Bash:
wget http://www.deb-multimedia.org/pool/main/d/deb-multimedia-keyring/deb-multimedia-keyring_2016.8.1_all.deb
dpkg -i deb-multimedia-keyring_2016.8.1_all.deb

12) Update the repository list
Bash:
apt update

13) Configure your locale for langage and other, follow the steps
Bash:
dpkg-reconfigure locales

14) Add your user account
Bash:
adduser your_user

15) Add your user account to the sudo group
Bash:
usermod -aG sudo your_user

16)Add the sudo right to your user account via "visudo"
Bash:
visudo

Add this line
Bash:
%sudo ALL=(ALL:ALL)  ALL
your_user ALL=(ALL:ALL)  ALL

17) Installation of the cinnamon interface and its dependencies
Bash:
apt --install-recommends --force-yes -y install linuxmint-keyring debian-system-adjustments && apt update && apt --install-recommends --force-yes -y install mint-meta-cinnamon  cinnamon cinnamon-l10n cinnamon-desktop-data mint-common lightdm-settings mintlocale mintmenu mintsystem mintupdate mintwelcome mint-mirrors mint-translations mint-themes mintinstall mint-backgrounds-uma mint-backgrounds-una mint-backgrounds-ulyssa mintstick muffin nemo nemo-emblems nemo-preview nemo-share mint-meta-codecs timeshift xreader boot-repair timeshift synaptic numlockx software-properties-common software-properties-gtk slick-greeter gnome-terminal gnome-font-viewer gnome-calendar gnome-calculator gnome-menus gnome-power-manager firefox bulky caribou gdebi onboard redshift sticky thingy webapp-manager xapp-appimage-thumbnailer xapp-epub-thumbnailer xapp-mp3-thumbnailer xapp-raw-thumbnailer xreader xviewer xviewer-plugins acpi-support acpid alsa-utils anacron apt-clone avahi-utils avahi-autoipd baobab build-essential cups cups-browsed fuse3 lintian && apt -y install cinnamon-desktop-environment

18) Update the distribution
Bash:
apt dist-upgrade -y

19)Reboot your computer
Bash:
reboot

the installation has installed many games by default, I advise you to remove them if you do not want them. you can do it via synaptic by choosing by category it goes very quickly.

If you want up-to-date apps, I recommend using flatpak.


Optional amdgpu drivers:
If you have an AMD processor with an iGPU you will have to install the drivers by hand because the pve-firmware package does not contain them.

1) check the version of the "firmware-XXXXX" package available at the bookworm repositorie:
http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free-firmware/f/firmware-nonfree/

2) Firmware download, extract and copy
AMDGPU
Bash:
wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free-firmware/f/firmware-nonfree/firmware-amd-graphics_20230515-3_all.deb
dpkg -x firmware-amd-graphics_20230515-3_all.deb firmware-amd-graphics
cp -r firmware-amd-graphics/lib/firmware/* /lib/firmware/

3) Update "initramfs"
Bash:
update-initramfs -k all -u

4) Reboot
Bash:
reboot



Optional bluetooth, wifi card and other drivers:

if your bluetooth, wifi card or other are not recognized despite the installation of the "pve-firmware" package, you will have to do it manually.

1) check the version of the "firmware-XXXXX" package available at the bookworm repositorie:
http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free-firmware/f/firmware-nonfree/

2) Firmware download, extract and copy
INTEL WIFI and BLUETOOTH
Bash:
wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free-firmware/f/firmware-nonfree/firmware-iwlwifi_20230515-3_all.deb
dpkg -x firmware-iwlwifi_20230515-3_all.deb firmware-iwlwifi
cp -r firmware-iwlwifi/lib/firmware/* /lib/firmware/

REALTEK WIFI and BLUETOOTH
Bash:
wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free-firmware/f/firmware-nonfree/firmware-realtek_20230515-3_all.deb
dpkg -x firmware-realtek_20230515-3_all.deb firmware-realtek
cp -r firmware-realtek/lib/firmware/* /lib/firmware/

OTHER, MEDIATEK, ...
Bash:
wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free-firmware/f/firmware-nonfree/firmware-misc-nonfree_20230515-3_all.deb
dpkg -x firmware-misc-nonfree_20230515-3_all.deb firmware-misc-nonfree
cp -r firmware-misc-nonfree/lib/firmware/* /lib/firmware/

ALL in one shot (danger)
Bash:
wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/non-free-firmware/f/firmware-nonfree/firmware-nonfree_20230515.orig.tar.xz
tar -xf firmware-nonfree_20230515.orig.tar.xz
cp -r firmware-nonfree_20230515/* /lib/firmware/

3) Update "initramfs"
Bash:
update-initramfs -k all -u

4) Reboot
Bash:
reboot


optional, network configuration:

If you want to use cinnamon's network-manager, you will need to modify the "/etc/network/interfaces" file as well as the "/etc/hosts" file.

Indeed it is simpler to do nat and choose your wifi or wired connection via the graphical interface than to do everything on the command line and restart each time.

example file:

/etc/network/interfaces:
Code:
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
    address 192.168.199.254/24
    bridge-ports none
    bridge-stp off
    bridge-fd 0
    metric 100
    post-up echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
        post-up iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s '192.168.199.0/24' -o wlo1 -j MASQUERADE
        post-down iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -s '192.168.199.0/24' -o wlo1 -j MASQUERADE
#    post-up iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s '192.168.199.0/24' -o enp4s0 -j MASQUERADE
#    post-down iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -s '192.168.199.0/24' -o enp4s0 -j MASQUERADE

/etc/hosts:
Code:
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
192.168.199.254 COMPUTERNAME.domain.local COMPUTERNAME

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts

::1     ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts

I created a subnet "192.168.199.0/24" with the IP of my proxmox PC "192.168.199.254".
I do "postrouting" to have a network connection.
I'm not going to detail everything, there is quite a bit of tutorial on this on the net and on the forum.



There will be another tutorial for Asus laptops with nvidia graphics card.
 
Last edited:
Thank you again for an awesome tutorial and the effort to test that this works.

I did my PVE 7 to 8 upgrade and LMDE 5 to 6 upgrade concurrently and other than a few gpg complaints, it went very well.

I did have to update the /usr/lib/os-release file again to fix the UI's repositories glitch.

I changed VERSION_CODENAME=faye to VERSION_CODENAME=bookworm


FROM:
Bash:
PRETTY_NAME="LMDE 6 (faye)"
NAME="LMDE"
VERSION_ID="6"
VERSION="6 (faye)"
VERSION_CODENAME=faye
ID=linuxmint
HOME_URL="https://www.linuxmint.com/"
SUPPORT_URL="https://forums.linuxmint.com/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="http://linuxmint-troubleshooting-guide.readthedocs.io/en/latest/"
PRIVACY_POLICY_URL="https://www.linuxmint.com/"
ID_LIKE=debian
DEBIAN_CODENAME=bookworm

TO:
Bash:
PRETTY_NAME="LMDE 6 (faye)"
NAME="LMDE"
VERSION_ID="6"
VERSION="6 (faye)"
VERSION_CODENAME=bookworm
ID=linuxmint
HOME_URL="https://www.linuxmint.com/"
SUPPORT_URL="https://forums.linuxmint.com/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="http://linuxmint-troubleshooting-guide.readthedocs.io/en/latest/"
PRIVACY_POLICY_URL="https://www.linuxmint.com/"
ID_LIKE=debian
DEBIAN_CODENAME=bookworm
 

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